The mission accomplished on space shuttle Endeavour's first flight resulted in several records and "firsts" for the shuttle program. Commander Daniel Brandenstein and pilot Kevin Chilton were assigned to transport mission specialists Pierre Thuot, Kathryn Thornton, Richard Hieb, Thomas Akers and Bruce Melnick into position to capture the malfunctioning satellite INTELSAT VI. The mission required three EVAs (extravehicular activities) before the four-ton communications satellite was successfully captured, refitted with a new perigee kick motor and re-released into orbit. Endeavour's initial flight witnessed a total of four separate EVAs, one involving three astronauts -- a "first." These EVAs combined for the longest spacewalk time ever logged on a single mission -- 25 hours and 27 minutes -- and required three rendezvous with an orbiting spacecraft. Two of these EVAs were the longest single spacewalks to date -- eight hours and29 minutes, and seven hours and 45 minutes. Endeavour was also the first shuttle to utilize a drag-chute during landing.
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